Lewin 2012 Guidance evidence informed policies

Title Guidance for Evidence-Informed Policies about Health Systems: Assessing How Much Confidence to Place in the Research Evidence
Format Publication
Authors Lewin, S., Bosch-Capblanch, X., Oliver, S., Akl, E.A., Vist, G.E., et al.
Journal Name (if applicable) PLoS Medicine
Date Published 2012
Open Access Y/N Yes
Hard copy PDF Available Y/N Yes
Link http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001187
Abstract Health systems interventions establish or modify governance (e.g., licensing of professionals), financial (e.g., health insurance mechanisms) and delivery (e.g., by whom care is provided) arrangements, and implementation strategies (e.g., strategies to change health provider behaviours) within health systems (which consist of ‘‘all organisations, people and actions whose primary intent is to promote, restore or maintain health’’; see Box S1 for definitions of the terms used in this article). The focus of these interventions is to strengthen health systems in their own right or to get costeffective programmes and technologies (e.g., drugs and vaccines) to those who need them. Decisions regarding health systems strengthening, including the development of recommendations by policy makers, require evidence on the effectiveness of these interventions, as well as many other forms of evidence.