Bossert 2002 Decentralization Uganda other

Title Decentralization of Health Systems in Ghana, Zambia, Uganda, and the Philippines: A Comparative Analsis of Decision Space
Format Publication
Authors Bossert, T.J., Beauvais, J.C.
Journal Name (if applicable) Health Policy and Planning
Date Published 2002
Open Access Y/N Yes
Hard copy PDF Available Y/N Yes
Abstract This study reviews the experience of decentralization in four developing countries: Ghana, Uganda, Zambia, and the Philippines, It uses two analysical frameworks to describe and compare the types and degrees of decentralization in each country. The first framework specifies three types of decentralization: deconcentration, delegation, and devolution. The second framework uses a principal agent approach and innovative maps to 'decision space' to define the range of choice for different functions that is transferred from the centre to the periphery of the system. The analysis finds a variety of different types and degrees of decentralization, with the Philippines demonstrating the widest range of choice over many functions that were devolved to local government units. The least choice was transferred through delegation to an autonomous health service in Ghana. Uganda and Zambia display variations between these extremes. There are insufficient evidence of the impact of decentralization to assess how these differences in 'decision space' influences the performance of health health system. The authors suggest that this is a major area for future research.